USD

Borneo Overview

General Information About Borneo

Borneo is the third largest island in the world, spanning an area that is almost 745,000 hectares in size. The Northern region is divided into Sabah and Sarawak under Malaysia with Brunei smack between the two, and Kalimantan in the South which is under Indonesia. Although the name ‘Borneo’ is often used to interchangeably describe any of those countries, it is really a misnomer as it was a title given by the Dutch during the colonial period and is no longer officially used. 

Read More

Ecology

Borneo is a rich biological repository of flora and fauna, with over 15,000 species of flowering plants, 3,000 species of trees, 221 species of terrestrial mammals and 420 species of birds. Borneo is the last remaining natural habitat for the gentle great ape, the Orang-Utan. Other endangered species like the Sumatran Rhino, Clouded Leopard and Asian Elephant are also found here.

Geography

Borneo is surrounded by the South China Sea in the north, the Sulu Sea in the North East, the Celebes Sea and Makassar Straits in the East and the Java Sea in the South. Borneo’s highest peak is Mount Kinabalu, located in Sabah, Malaysia. This also makes Borneo the sixth highest island in the world.

History

Borneo was once under the control of the Brunei Empire from the 15th to 17th Century, after the fall of Malacca. Later, the British gained control of the North through James Brooke in Sarawak and the North Borneo Company in Sabah. The Dutch, meanwhile, controlled the South.

During World War II, the Japanese occupied Borneo, and caused much hardship for the population. Later, it reverted back to colonial control. However, when Sabah and Sarawak became part of Malaysia in 1963, Indonesia declared war and Borneo became the centre of conflict for the Malaysia-Indonesia Confrontation. It was resolved peacefully later. In the past, there have been territorial claims against Malaysia on parts of Borneo, but most have been resolved in Malaysia’s favour by International Courts.

Rate This Place: ( votes)

Related Pages

  • Kota Kinabalu Beach Hotels

    Kota Kinabalu Beach Hotels

    Halfway up Sabah’s western seaboard, the capital city Kota Kinabalu isn’t one of the world’s most magical destinations Read More»

  • Borneo Information

    Borneo Information

    Borneo is the third largest island in the world, the Northern region is divided into Sabah and Sarawak under Malaysia Read More»

  • 10 Best Hotel Discounts in Sabah

    Our list of the 10 best hotel discounts in Sabah proves that you can enjoy a great holiday without blowing your entire Read More»

  • Borneo Activities

    Borneo Activities

    Borneo Island is a veritable Eden that draws in adventure enthusiasts and travellers with a yen to see Borneo Read More»

  • Where to Stay in Sabah

    Where to Stay in Sabah

    Enjoy a variety of hotels in Sabah that range from budget hotels to international standard resorts. Get instant Read More»

  • Borneo Restaurants

    Borneo Restaurants

    Sabah and Sarawak you’re likely to find a colourful amalgamation of Malay, Chinese, Indian and European fare – hawker Read More»

We try to provide free information that is as up-to-date and accurate as possible. However, if you are planning to travel it's a good idea to double check specific dates and information to avoid surprises.

Hotels.com
Loading...